The PBT polycondensation equilibrium constant at 255°C was determined using a batch reactor. Starting from a Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) prepolymer having a degree of polymerisation of 12.7, equilibrium experiments were performed in the range of 1 to 50 mbar. The equilibrium degree of polymerisation (i) was determined indirectly using dilute solution viscometry of a solution of 1 weight % PBT in m - cresol. The degree of polymerisation of PBT obtained at equilibrium in the range of 1 to 50 mbar at 255°C as a function of the BDO partial pressure (mbar) could be expressed by: i = 111.47 - 86.18 exp(-1.14[..]). The equilibrium solubility of 1,4 butanediol (BDO) in the PBT melt was derived form the BDO partial pressure using the Flory - Huggins theory. The PBT polycondensation reaction equilibrium constant was related to the degree of polymerisation by the equation: [..] in the range i = 26 - 100. The PBT polycondensation equilibrium constant at high degrees of polymerisation is in line with literature data and thermodynamics.
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
- polybutylene terephthalate
- equilibrium constant
- Flory-Huggins theory
- 4-butanediol solubility