Determination of viscosity and pressure in an elastohydrodynamic rolling contact by using optical interferometry: A theoretical study

J.O. Östensen*, R. Larsson, C.H. Venner

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Optical interferometry has been used during the last 30 years for film thickness measurements in elastohydrodynamic (EHD) contacts. In the work presented in this paper the possibility of using optical interferometry for determining pressure and apparent viscosity in a fully flooded EHD point contact has been theoretically investigated. The pressure in the contact is computed from elastic deformation theory and force balance. The apparent viscosity can be obtained from the Reynolds equation when the film thickness and the pressure are known. To theoretically examine the sensitivity to measurement errors, different errors have been implemented in a set of 'exact' numerical data. From the theoretical study it can be seen that a film thickness map obtained from optical interferometry can be used for determination of both pressure and apparent viscosity measurement in an EHD point contact. The simulated errors that have been used do not influence the pressure within the Herzian region by more than a few per cent. However, to obtain reliable results from the apparent viscosity calculations, the measurements of film thickness, load and elastic modulus must be very accurate. It is seen, for example, that the resolution of the film thickness measurement has to be less than 1 mn to achieve high accuracy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)259-268
    Number of pages10
    JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part J: Journal of engineering tribology
    Volume210
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

    Keywords

    • Apparent viscosity
    • EHD
    • Film thickness
    • Optical interferometry
    • Point contact
    • Pressure distribution

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