Developing effective and resilient human-agent teamwork using team design patterns

Jurriaan van Diggelen, Mark Neerincx, Marieke Peeters, Jan Maarten Schraagen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Human-agent teams exhibit emergent behavior at the team level, as a result of interactions between individuals within the team. This begs the question how to design artificial team members (agents) as adequate team players that contribute to the team processes advancing team performance, resilience and learning. This paper proposes the development of a library of Team Design Patterns as a way to make dynamic team behavior at the team and individual level more explicit. Team Design Patterns serve a dual purpose: (1) In the system development phase, designers can identify desirable team patterns for the creation of artificial team members. (2) During the operational phase, team design patterns can be used by artificial team members to drive and stimulate team development, and to adaptively mitigate problems that may arise. We describe a pattern language for specifying team design patterns, discuss their use, and illustrate the concept using representative human-agent teamwork applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8574951
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE intelligent systems
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


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