Development and Validation of the Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale—Short Form

Marion Sommers-Spijkerman (Corresponding Author), H.R. Trompetter, Peter ten Klooster, Karlein Schreurs, Paul Gilbert, Ernst Bohlmeijer

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Abstract

Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated acceptable to good fit of the FSCRS-SF items to a three-factor model. Findings regarding internal consistency were inconsistent, with Study 1 showing adequate internal consistency for all subscale scores and Study 2 demonstrating satisfactory internal consistency only for the reassured self (RS) subscale score. Furthermore, the results showed that the FSCRS-SF subscale scores had adequate test-retest reliability and satisfactory convergent validity estimates with theoretically related constructs. In addition, the FSCRS-SF subscale scores were found to be sensitive to changes in self-to-self relating over time. Despite mixed findings regarding its reliability requiring further investigation, the FSCRS-SF offers a valid and sensitive measure which shows promise as a complimentary shorter version to the original FSCRS suited to nonclinical populations. Given that the FSCRS is increasingly used as a process and outcome measure, further research on this short form in nonclinical and clinical populations is warranted. (PsycINFO Database Record
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-743
Number of pages15
JournalPsychological assessment
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

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Process Assessment (Health Care)
Ego
Reproducibility of Results
Population
Statistical Factor Analysis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Therapeutics
Research

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abstract = "Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated acceptable to good fit of the FSCRS-SF items to a three-factor model. Findings regarding internal consistency were inconsistent, with Study 1 showing adequate internal consistency for all subscale scores and Study 2 demonstrating satisfactory internal consistency only for the reassured self (RS) subscale score. Furthermore, the results showed that the FSCRS-SF subscale scores had adequate test-retest reliability and satisfactory convergent validity estimates with theoretically related constructs. In addition, the FSCRS-SF subscale scores were found to be sensitive to changes in self-to-self relating over time. Despite mixed findings regarding its reliability requiring further investigation, the FSCRS-SF offers a valid and sensitive measure which shows promise as a complimentary shorter version to the original FSCRS suited to nonclinical populations. Given that the FSCRS is increasingly used as a process and outcome measure, further research on this short form in nonclinical and clinical populations is warranted. (PsycINFO Database Record",
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Development and Validation of the Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale—Short Form. / Sommers-Spijkerman, Marion (Corresponding Author); Trompetter, H.R.; ten Klooster, Peter; Schreurs, Karlein; Gilbert, Paul; Bohlmeijer, Ernst.

In: Psychological assessment, Vol. 30, No. 6, 01.06.2018, p. 729-743.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Sommers-Spijkerman, Marion

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AU - Gilbert, Paul

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JO - Psychological assessment

JF - Psychological assessment

SN - 1040-3590

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