The pulsatile catheter (PUCA) pump is an intraventricular blood pump that can be introduced into the left ventricular cavity through a superficial artery (transarterially) or directly through the thoracic aorta during open chest conditions. When positioned, the pump aspirates blood from the left ventricle and transports it into the ascending aorta. A pneumatic driving system allows the blood to be ejected in early diastole of every second or third heart beat. The main goal of this study was to develop an easy, fast, safe surgical introduction technique. Four different means of catheter introduction were tested in 20 acute open chest experiments with calves: introduction without any guidance at all, introduction by x-ray guidance only, introduction using a guide wire plus x-ray guidance, and introduction using a guiding pressure catheter. Introducing the PUCA pump catheter into the left ventricular cavity using a pigtail guiding pressure catheter proved to be easy. The large bore pump catheter followed the guiding catheter and passed the aortic valve well. The position of the PUCA pump could be monitored from the pressure patterns derived from the guiding catheter.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Jun 1997|
- Catheter pump
- Introduction technique
- Left ventricular assist device