Development of a numerical simulation model of the cardiovascular system

Albert A. Geertsema*, Gerhard Rakhorst, Dimiter Mihaylov, Paul K. Blanksma, Gijsbertus J. Verkerke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


A numerical simulation model of the cardiovascular system has been developed. It consists of a model of the left atrium, the left ventricle, the coronary vascular system, the aorta, the arterial system, and the venous system. The input of the complete model is the elastance (pressure/volume ratio) developed by the left ventricle. The shape of this elastance is constant in different circumstances. Left ventricular (LV) myocardial oxygen consumption and the amount of oxygen offered to the left ventricle can be calculated with the model. The model has been validated using data from a patient suffering from coronary artery disease. The measured clinical hemodynamical waveforms could be fitted to those generated by the model. With the numerical simulation model, it is possible to predict the functioning of the left ventricle under different circumstances. This makes it possible to study in vitro various pathological clinical situations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1301
Number of pages5
JournalArtificial organs
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiovascular system
  • Hemodynamical waveforms
  • Left ventricle
  • Numerical model
  • Pathological
  • Simulation


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