Most large commercial vessels are propelled by low-speed two-stroke diesel engines due to their fuel economy and reliability. With increasing international concern about emissions and the rise in oil prices, improvements in engine efficiency are urgently needed. In the present work, a zero-dimensional model for a low-speed two-stroke diesel engine is developed that considers the exhaust gas bypass and geometry structures for the gas exchange model. The model was applied to a low-speed two-stroke 7G80 ME-C9 marine diesel engine and validated with engine shop test data, which consisted of the main engine performance parameters and cylinder pressure diagrams at different loads. The simulation results were in good agreement with the experimental data. Thus, the model has the ability to predict engine performance with good accuracy. After model validation, the variations in compression ratio, fuel injection timing, exhaust gas bypass valve opening portion, exhaust valve opening timing, and exhaust valve closing timing effects on engine performance were tested. Finally, the influence level of different parameters on engine performance was summarized, which can be used as a reference to determine the reasons for high fuel consumption in some cases. The developed engine performance model is considerable in digital twins for performance simulation, health management, and optimization.
- diesel engine
- engine performance