Development of landslide early warning system based on the satellite-derived rainfall threshold in Indonesia

Agus Muntohar*, O.C. Mavrouli, C.J. van Westen, V.G. Jetten, Rokhmat Hidayat

*Corresponding author for this work

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Landslide is a common natural disaster occurring in Indonesia during the rainy season from November to February. Attempts have been made to develop an early warning system based on the rainfall derived from satellite observation. It is essential to verify the accuracy level of the rainfall threshold in predicting the occurrence of rainfall, causing landslides and non-landslides to model the lower limit that can be used as an early warning device of the landslides. In this analysis, modelling was carried out with an empirical (intensity—duration/ID) approach using 220 data of rainfall that triggered landslide with satellite-based TRMM in Indonesia territory. The intensity and duration of antecedent rainfall were utilized in rainfall threshold modelling. The rainfall threshold was validated with ROC analysis. This method used seven statistics indices and ROC curve to determine the accuracy rate of the rainfall threshold. The results showed empirical equation I  = 7.83D−0.328 within the interval time 2–18 days. The results of the analysis of the ROC on the rainfall threshold indicate that the model has a good accuracy rate and can be used in an early warning system of landslide even though it still has a fairly high error rate.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnderstanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk. WLF 2020. ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction
EditorsNicole Casagle, Veronica Tofani, Kyoji Sassa, Peter T. Bobrowsky, Kaoru Takara
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages235
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-60311-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-60310-6
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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