Development of the DIS-scale (Diagnostic Illiteracy Scale) in order to reveal illiteracy among adults

Maurice de Greef, Alexander Johannes Aloysius Maria van Deursen, Marga Tubbing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic


Regarding figures of UNICEF (2008) 22% of the population of the industrialised countries is illiterate. As a result of illiteracy, citizens risk social exclusion in society. According to results of the EU High Level Group of Experts on Literacy (2012) prevention and decrease of illiteracy will be an important goal for future Europe. Still, according to the on-going problems of illiteracy, validated ‘tools’ are required to define if one risks illiteracy. The field of lifelong learning should be more equipped in order to diagnose literacy needs and develop literacy programs on a broad scope of the adult lifecircumstances. Therefore, we proposed a validated diagnostic scale, called the DIS-scale (Diagnostic Illiteracy Scale), concerning illiteracy in order to support the field of lifelong learning in prevention of the current illiteracy problem in nowadays European society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalAndragoske studije = Andragogical studies
Issue number1/April
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • IR-87892
  • METIS-298965


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