Different singularities in the functions of extended kinetic theory at the origin of the yield stress in granular flow

D. Berzi, Dalila Vescovi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use previous results from discrete element simulations of simple shear flows of rigid, identical spheres in the collisional regime to show that the volume fractiondependence of the stresses is singular at the shear rigidity. Here, we identify the shear rigidity, which is a decreasing function of the interparticle friction, as the maximum volume fraction beyond which a random collisional assembly of grains cannot be sheared without developing force chains that span the entire domain. In the framework of extended kinetic theory, i.e., kinetic theory that accounts for the decreasing in the collisional dissipation due to the breaking of molecular chaos at volume fractions larger than 0.49, we also show that the volume fraction-dependence of the correlation length (measure of the velocity correlation) is singular at random close packing, independent of the interparticle friction. The difference in the singularities ensures that the ratio of the shear stress to the pressure at shear rigidity is different from zero even in the case of frictionless spheres: we identify that with the yield stress ratio of granular materials, and we show that the theoretical predictions, once the different singularities are inserted into the functions of extended kinetic theory, are in excellent agreement with the results of numerical simulations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number013302
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of fluids
Volume27
Issue number013302
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • METIS-314839
  • IR-99065

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