Digging gold: keV He+ ion interaction with Au

Vasilisa Veligura, Gregor Hlawacek, Robin P. Berkelaar, Raoul van Gastel*, Harold J.W. Zandvliet, Bene Poelsema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
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Helium ion microscopy (HIM) was used to investigate the interaction of a focused He+ ion beam with energies of several tens of kiloelectronvolts with metals. HIM is usually applied for the visualization of materials with extreme surface sensitivity and resolution. However, the use of high ion fluences can lead to significant sample modifications. We have characterized the changes caused by a focused He+ ion beam at normal incidence to the Au{111} surface as a function of ion fluence and energy. Under the influence of the beam a periodic surface nanopattern develops. The periodicity of the pattern shows a power-law dependence on the ion fluence. Simultaneously, helium implantation occurs. Depending on the fluence and primary energy, porous nanostructures or large blisters form on the sample surface. The growth of the helium bubbles responsible for this effect is discussed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-460
Number of pages8
JournalBeilstein journal of nanotechnology
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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