Diode-side-pumped channel waveguide laser

D. Geskus, C. Grivas, S. Aravazhi, U. Griebner, Sonia Maria García Blanco, Markus Pollnau

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic


    Fundamental-mode channel waveguide lasers, while offering high pump and signal intensities and excellent pump-signal mode overlap, usually require a fundamental-mode pump source, thus limiting the diode pump power that can be launched into the waveguide to typically less than 1 W, thereby also setting limitations on the achievable output power. Here we demonstrate laser emission from a highly Yb3+-doped, tapered channel waveguide in KGdxLu1-x(WO4)2 by diode side pumping with a high-power, multi-mode diode bar via a passive planar waveguide, offering the potential for significantly increased output powers. We have chosen KGdxLu1-x(WO4)2:Yb3+ for its large pump-absorption cross-section at 981 nm. Multi-layer growth of lattice-matched layers [1] with various compositions is applied to design the refractive-index contrast and active properties of the laser device (Fig. 1). A 1.7 to 0.6-µm-high, horizontally tapered waveguide structure is etched into the 5mm-long KGd0.447Lu0.078Yb0.475(WO4)2 active layer [2] to allow for efficient pump absorption under side pumping in its 50-µm-wide waveguide section and simultaneously ensure single-mode laser emission via its 5-µm-narrow waveguide section. The pump power is delivered from the side through a 5 to 2.5-µm-high passive KGd0.114Lu0.116Y0.77(WO4)2 slab waveguide overgrown and surrounding the active tapered waveguide. The multi-mode, 30-W diode bar is mounted on a water-cooled chuck without active temperature control, resulting in a pump wavelength around 980 nm (Fig. 2a). The pump beam is modulated by a chopper with 2.9% duty cycle to reduce the thermal load. Mirrors are butt-coupled to the waveguide endfacets by use of a fluorinated oil, with reflection at 1040 nm of 99.8% and 90% at the wide and narrow active-waveguide end, respectively. No additional measures are taken to cool the sample. With this first, non-optimized device a maximum output power of 10 mW (Fig. 2a) when pumped with a cold diode (operating close to the absorption peak) and laser wavelength of 1038nm (Fig. 2b) are detected. Relaxation oscillations and the mode profile of laser emission with satellite spots, indicating a non-ideal taper structure, are recorded (Fig. 2c).
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationEurophoton Conference
    Place of PublicationMulhouse
    PublisherEuropean Physical Society (EPS)
    PagesPaper WeP.5
    Number of pages1
    ISBN (Print)2-914771-78-9
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
    Event5th EPS-QEOD EUROPHOTON Conference 2012: Solid State, Fibre, and Waveguide Coherent Light Sources - AlbaNova University Centre, Stockholm, Sweden
    Duration: 26 Aug 201231 Aug 2012
    Conference number: 5

    Publication series

    NameEurophysics Conference Abstract
    PublisherEuropean Physical Society
    VolumeVolume 36 E


    Conference5th EPS-QEOD EUROPHOTON Conference 2012
    Abbreviated titleEUROPHOTON


    • METIS-287978
    • IOMS-APD: Active Photonic Devices
    • EWI-22178
    • IR-81255

    Cite this

    Geskus, D., Grivas, C., Aravazhi, S., Griebner, U., García Blanco, S. M., & Pollnau, M. (2012). Diode-side-pumped channel waveguide laser. In Europhoton Conference (pp. Paper WeP.5). (Europhysics Conference Abstract; Vol. Volume 36 E). Mulhouse: European Physical Society (EPS).