Directionality of corticomuscular coupling in essential tremor and cortical myoclonic tremor

S. Sharifi*, F. Luft, S. Potgieter, T. Heida, W. Mugge, A.C. Schouten, L.J. Bour, A.F. van Rootselaar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective
A major role of the motor cortex in tremor generation in essential tremor (ET) is assumed, yet the directionality of corticomuscular coupling is unknown. Our aim is to clarify the role of the motor cortex. To this end we also study ‘familial cortical myoclonic tremor with epilepsy’ (FCMTE) and slow repetitive voluntary movements with a known cortical drive.

Methods
Directionality of corticomuscular coupling (EEG-EMG) was studied with renormalized partial directed coherence (rPDC) during tremor in 25 ET patients, 25 healthy controls (mimicked) and in seven FCMTE patients; and during a self-paced 2Hz task in eight ET patients and seven healthy controls.

Results
Efferent coupling around tremor frequency was seen in 33% of ET patients, 45.5% of healthy controls, all FCMTE patients, and, around 2Hz, in all ET patients and all healthy controls. Ascending coupling, seen in the majority of all participants, was weaker in ET than in healthy controls around 5-6Hz.

Conclusions
Possible explanations are that tremor in ET results from faulty subcortical output bypassing the motor cortex; rate-dependent transmission similar to generation of rhythmic movements; and/or faulty feedforward mechanism resulting from decreased afferent (sensory) coupling.

Significance
A linear cortical drive is lacking in the majority of ET patients.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages27
JournalClinical neurophysiology
Early online date8 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 8 May 2021

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