Disruption, technology and the question of (artificial) identity

Dina Babushkina*, Athanasios Votsis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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The current state of human–machine interaction has set forth a process of hybridization of human identity. Technology—and most notably AI—is used as an effective cognitive extender, which enables the extension of human personhood to include artificial elements, leading to the emergence of artificial identity. Discussing—and accommodating—anthropomorphization in human–machine interaction should no longer be the primary focus. Rather, the scope and quality of frameworks in which the hybridization of human identity occurs and evolves has significant ethical implications that pose very pragmatic challenges to users, the industry, and regulators. This paper puts forth a few main principles upon which such a discussion should evolve. We illustrate why disruptiveness can easily turn into human harm when the frameworks facilitating it overlook the human vulnerabilities that arise from hybrid identity, notably the asymmetric and asynchronous relationship between the human and artificial counterparts. Finally, we claim that these new types of vulnerabilities, to which a person is exposed due to the intimate degree of pairing with technology, justifies introducing and protecting artificial identity as well.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-622
Number of pages12
JournalAI and Ethics
Early online date25 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Anthropomorphism
  • Artificial identity
  • Cognitive extenders
  • Disruptive technology
  • Ethics of technology
  • Smart devices
  • Human computer interaction
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Hybrid intelligence
  • UT-Hybrid-D


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