Flow measurements in ultra-pure4He through a micron-size orifice at millikelvin temperatures show the transition from thermal to quantum nucleation of nanometer-size vortices below a crossover temperature of 0.147 K. Detailed analysis, similar to that done for macroscopic quantum tunnelling in superconducting junctions, yields parameters which accurately predict the mean value and the distribution width of the critical velocities at all temperatures. These observations establish the close relationship between this type of critical flow and negative ion motion in superfluid4He and strongly suggest that the underlying mechanism is identical.
|Journal||Journal of low temperature physics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1992|
|Event||Symposium on Quantum Fluids and Solids 1992 - Pennsylvania State University, State College, United States|
Duration: 15 Jun 1992 → 19 Jun 1992