In surface electromyography (sEMG), the distribution of motor unit potential (MUP) velocities has been shown to reflect the proportion of faster and slower propagating MUPs. This study investigated whether the distribution of MUP velocities could distinguish between sprinters (n = 11) and endurance athletes (n = 12) in not-specifically trained muscle (biceps brachii) during prolonged dynamic exercises at low forces. sEMG was acquired during 4 min’ exercises: unloaded, 5%, 10% and 20% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). The features extracted from the sEMG were: the mean muscle conduction velocity – estimated using the inter-peak latency and cross-correlation methods, the within-subject skewness (expressing the proportions of faster and slower propagating MUPs) and the within-subject standard deviation of MUP velocities (SD-mup). Sprinters showed a greater proportion of faster propagating MUPs than endurance athletes. During fatigue, the SD-mup of sprinters broadened progressively, whereas that of endurance athletes did not. The findings suggest that sprinters conveyed a greater proportion of faster motor units than endurance athletes and that motor unit behavior during fatigue differed between groups. Thus, the distribution of MUP velocities enables distinction between a muscle of sprinters and endurance athletes during prolonged dynamic exercises at low forces.