Few studies have evaluated human seizure occurrence over the 24-hour day, and only one group has employed intracranial electrocorticography monitoring to record seizures. Circadian patterns in seizures may have important implications in diagnosis and therapy and provide opportunities in research. We have analyzed spontaneous seizures in 33 consecutive patients with long-term intracranial EEG and video monitoring. Several aspects of seizures were noted, including time of day, origin, type, and behavioral state (sleeping/awake). We recorded 450 seizures that showed an uneven distribution over the day, depending on lobe of origin: temporal lobe seizures occurred preferentially between 1100 and 1700 hours, frontal seizures between 2300 and 0500 hours, and parietal seizures between 1700 and 2300 hours. In the awake state, larger proportions of clinical seizures were seen from 0500 to 1100 hours and from 1700 to 2300 hours. During sleep, larger proportions occurred from 1100 to 1700 hours and from 2300 to 0500 hours. Our results suggest that seizures from different brain regions have a strong tendency to occur in different diurnal patterns.
- Temporal distribution
- Circadian rhythm