Does bone cement in percutaneous vertebroplasty act as a stress riser?

R. Aquarius, A.M. van der Zijden, Jasper Johan Homminga, Nicolaas Jacobus Joseph Verdonschot, E. Tanck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design. An in vitro cadaveric study. Objective. To determine whether percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) with a clinically relevant amount of bone cement is capable of causing stress peaks in adjacent-level vertebrae. Summary of Background Data. It is often suggested that PVP of a primary spinal fracture causes stress peaks in adjacent vertebrae, thereby leading to additional fractures. The in vitro studies that demonstrated this relationship, however, use bigger volumes of bone cement used clinically. Methods. Ten fresh-frozen vertebrae were loaded until failure, while registering force and displacement as well as the pressure under the lower endplate. After failure, the vertebrae were augmented with clinically relevant amounts of bone cement and then again loaded until failure. The force, displacement, and pressure under the lower endplate were again registered. Results. Stress peaks were not related to the location of the injected bone cement. Both failure load and stiffness were significantly lower after augmentation. Conclusion. On the basis of our findings, we conclude that vertebral augmentation with clinically relevant amounts of bone cement does not lead to stress peaks under the endplate. It is therefore unlikely that PVP, in itself, causes detrimental stresses in the adjacent vertebrae, leading to new vertebral fractures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2092-2097
Number of pages6
JournalSpine
Volume38
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • IR-90911
  • METIS-301103

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