Don’t stand so close to me: Users’ attitudinal and behavioral responses to personal space invasion by a robot

Aziez Sardar, Michiel Joosse, Astrid Weiss, Vanessa Evers

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)
    29 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    When around humans, one might expect that a social robot would act according to the social norms people expect of each other. When someone does not adhere to a prevalent social norm, people usually feel threatened and uncomfortable. In comparison, insight is needed into what is perceived as socially normative behavior for robots. We conducted an experiment in which a robot approached a participant in order to determine the effect of personal space invasion. We manipulated the agent-type (human/robot) and the approach speed (slow/fast) of the agent towards the participant. Unexpectedly, our results show that the participants displayed more compensatory behavior toward the robot than toward the human confederate. Interestingly, we found that participants tended to trust the faster robot more compared and the faster human less. We consider these responses toward personal space invasion as an indication that people react differently to robots as they do to humans, and with more intensity
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHRI '12
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the seventh annual ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-Robot Interaction
    Place of PublicationNew York, NY
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
    Pages229-230
    Number of pages2
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-1063-5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012
    Event7th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2012 - Boston, United States
    Duration: 5 Mar 20128 Mar 2012
    Conference number: 7
    http://humanrobotinteraction.org/2012/

    Conference

    Conference7th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2012
    Abbreviated titleHRI
    CountryUnited States
    CityBoston
    Period5/03/128/03/12
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • HMI-HF: Human Factors
    • social norms
    • EWI-23019
    • approach speed
    • METIS-296276
    • avoidance behavior
    • proxemics personal space invasion
    • IR-84261
    • Human Robot Interaction
    • immediacy

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  • Cite this

    Sardar, A., Joosse, M., Weiss, A., & Evers, V. (2012). Don’t stand so close to me: Users’ attitudinal and behavioral responses to personal space invasion by a robot. In HRI '12: Proceedings of the seventh annual ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 229-230). New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). https://doi.org/10.1145/2157689.2157769