Drape simulation of non-crimp fabrics

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The draping process of non-crimp fabrics (NCF) on a doubly curved mould determines the fibre distribution and hence the processing and performance of the NCF product. A composite Finite Element (FE) model is developed to simulate the draping process of NCFs on arbitrary geometries. Tool-part interaction is taken into account. Problem regions with possible fibre buckling can be indicated and the fibre distribution in the final NCF is predicted. The model contains a novel modelling approach to simulate the slip of the individual fibre layers. Additional layers and degrees of freedom were added to a membrane element to simulate the slipping layers with one element through the thickness. This enables efficient FE simulations of the draping process. Several experiments were performed: measurement of the thickness change during shear deformation, fibre pull-out experiments and a drape experiment. The latter is compared with FE simulations.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th Esaform Conference on Material Forming, 27-29 April 2005, Cluj-Napoca, Rumania
EditorsD. Banabic
Place of PublicationBucharest, Rumania
PublisherThe Publishing House of the Romanian Academy
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)973-27-1175-2
Publication statusPublished - 2005
EventESAFORM 2005: 8th ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming - Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Duration: 27 Apr 200529 Apr 2005
Conference number: 8


ConferenceESAFORM 2005
Abbreviated titleESAFORM


  • METIS-229679
  • draping
  • non-crimp fabric
  • finite element simulation
  • NCF
  • IR-75444

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