Drug release behavior of electrospun twisted yarns as implantable medical devices

H. Maleki, A.A. Gharehaghaji, T. Toliyat, P. J. Dijkstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, twisted drug-loaded poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) and hybrid poly(L-lactide)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PLLA/PVA) yarns were produced using an electrospinning technique based on two oppositely charged nozzles. Cefazolin, an antibiotic drug was incorporated in the yarn fibers by addition to the PLLA electrospinning solution. Morphological studies showed that independent of the twist rate, uniform and smooth fibers were formed. The diameter of the electrospun fibers in the yarns decreased at higher twist rates but produced yarns with larger diameters. At increasing twist rates the crystallinity of the fibers in the yarns increased. In the presence of cefazolin the fiber diameter, yarn diameter and crystallinity were always lower than in the non-drug loaded yarns. In addition the yarn mechanical properties revealed a slightly lower strength, modulus and elongation at break upon drug loading. The effect of the twist rate on the cefazolin in vitro release behavior from both PLLA and hybrid yarns revealed similar profiles for both types of drug-loaded yarns. However, the total amount of drug released from the hybrid PLLA/PVA yarns was significantly higher. The release kinetics over a period of 30 d were fitted to different mathematical models. Cefazolin release from electrospun PLLA yarns was governed by a diffusion mechanism and could best be fitted by Peppas and Higuchi models. The models that were found best to describe the drug release mechanism from the hybrid PLLA/PVA yarns were a first-order model and the Higuchi model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035019
JournalBiofabrication
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • drug release
  • electrospinning
  • twist
  • yarn

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