Dual-Process Models of Criminal Decision Making

Jean-Louis van Gelder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterProfessional

5 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter discusses the application of dual-process and dual-system models to offender decision making. It is argued that these models offer a more accurate account of the decision process than the traditional choice models in criminology, such as rational choice and deterrence models, and can overcome their various limitations. Specific attention is devoted to the hot/cool perspective of criminal decision making, which takes the dual-process hypothesis as a point of departure. This model is rooted in the idea that both “cool” cognition and “hot” affect, or thinking and feeling, guide behavior and that understanding their interaction is fundamental for understanding how people make criminal choices.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making
EditorsWim Bernasco, Jean-Louis van Gelder, Henk Elffers
Place of PublicationOxford, UK
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199338801
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Dual-process model
  • Hot/cool perspective
  • Cognition
  • Affect
  • Decision making


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