Dutch-Chinese virtual cooperation

Y. Wei, S.J. de Boer, R.A. Stegwee

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


    Technology advances in ICT have permitted an increased flow of information across borders, and increasingly companies are moving to so-called virtual alliances. The business relationships between Dutch and Chinese companies are becoming closer by ways of outsourcing, new market development and so on. The new virtual cooperation form has brought opportunities for companies in various sectors in the two countries to conduct business easily at low cost.However, despite the advantages, few pure virtual alliances had been found, and the usage of ICT systems in Dutch-Chinese business contexts is still at a relatively low level. This paper presents the concept of international virtual alliance, including the terms of virtuality, virtualness, and degree of virtuality. After presenting a general virtual cooperation model, two cases involving Dutch-Chinese business cooperation are described. The discussion and conclusions focus focus on the reasons found for the limited application of pure virtual cooperation.Keywords: Virtual Alliance, Virtuality, Virtualness, Virtual Cooperation
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationDigital enterprises and nontraditional industrialization. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Electronic Commerce Engineering (ICeCE2003), 24-27 October 2003, Hangzhou, China
    EditorsZ. Chen
    Place of PublicationBeijing
    PublisherInternational Academic Publishers
    Number of pages4
    ISBN (Print)7-5062-6208-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


    • METIS-216109

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