Dynamic behavior and control strategy study of CO2/H2O co-electrolysis in solid oxide electrolysis cells

Yuqing Wang, Aayan Banerjee, Olaf Deutschmann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


The co-electrolysis of CO2 and H2O in high temperature solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs) is a promising energy storage method for intermittent renewable energy sources. In this paper, a three-dimensional (3D) continuum model of a 3-kW 40-cell planar SOEC stack is employed to study the dynamic behavior and control strategy under variable working conditions. The dynamic responses of stack power, current density, output H2/CO ratio and stack temperature are evaluated for a scaled real-time wind power input over a whole day. The fluctuation of the wind power input leads to SOEC stack temperature fluctuation, which illustrates the need for temperature control. Two representative cases with voltage step changes in both endothermic and exothermic operation modes are studied to predict the temperature control by the variation of excess air ratio. The effects of excess air ratio on both the steady-state temperature gradient and the transient temperature variation rate are analyzed in both cases. The temperature fluctuation is successfully controlled by applying an excess air ratio profile that changes with the wind power input.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-264
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of power sources
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Co-electrolysis
  • Dynamic characteristic
  • Renewable energy storage
  • SOEC stack
  • Temperature control strategy


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