Dynamic behaviour of ISFET-based Sensor-Actuator systems

W. Olthuis, J. Luo, B.H. van der Schoot, J.G. Bomer, P. Bergveld

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    15 Citations (Scopus)
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    Rapid acid-base titrations can be performed at the surface of a noble-metal electrode with coulometrically generated ions. An ISFET is used as an indicator electrode to detect the equivalence point in the resulting titration curve. The time needed to reach the equivalence point is typically 0.5 to 10 s for acid/base concentrations ranging from 0.5 × 10−3 to 20 × 10−3 mol l−1. A model is presented describing the concentration profiles which appear during the coulometric generation of ions. The result of this model is in good agreement with corresponding measurements. These measurements are carried out with two different actuator electrodes, of which the processing steps are described.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)416-420
    Number of pages5
    JournalSensors and actuators. B: Chemical
    Issue number1-6
    Publication statusPublished - 1990

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