Dynamic equipment workspace generation for improving earthwork safety using equipment pose and state data

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In the period between 1992 and 2002, struck by vehicles and struck by objects (e.g., vehicle parts, vehicle loads, or falling vehicles) were identified as the causes of 30% and 24% of deaths on excavations sites, respectively. It is therefore of a paramount importance to improve the safety of construction sites by increasing the peripheral awareness of the operators of earthwork equipment. The existing collision avoidance systems often detect collisions based on the workspaces that only account for the geometry and the degrees of freedom of the equipment, and thus disregard the job-site-andstate-dependent characteristics of equipment. This results in reserving a large space for every piece of equipment. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel method for generating dynamic equipment workspaces based on the continuous monitoring of a spectrum of equipment-related information, i.e., the current pose/state of the equipment, and the speed characteristics of each movement. This method uses the required operation stoppage time to determine how much space needs to be reserved for each piece of equipment. A case study is conducted to validate the proposed method. It is shown that the proposed method has a strong potential in capturing the hazardous areas around the equipment and triggering warnings in view of the impending movements of various pieces of equipment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining: Connected to the Future, Proceedings
PublisherInternational Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction
ISBN (Electronic)9789517585972
ISBN (Print)9781510809246
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining: Connected to the Future - Oulu, Finland
Duration: 15 Jun 201518 Jun 2015

Conference

Conference32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining
Abbreviated titleISARC 2015
CountryFinland
CityOulu
Period15/06/1518/06/15

Fingerprint

Collision avoidance
Excavation
Geometry
Monitoring

Keywords

  • Dynamic equipment workspace
  • Earthwork equipment
  • Real-time location systems

Cite this

Vahdatikhaki, F., & Hammad, A. (2015). Dynamic equipment workspace generation for improving earthwork safety using equipment pose and state data. In 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining: Connected to the Future, Proceedings International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction.
Vahdatikhaki, Faridaddin ; Hammad, Amin. / Dynamic equipment workspace generation for improving earthwork safety using equipment pose and state data. 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining: Connected to the Future, Proceedings. International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, 2015.
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Vahdatikhaki, F & Hammad, A 2015, Dynamic equipment workspace generation for improving earthwork safety using equipment pose and state data. in 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining: Connected to the Future, Proceedings. International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining, Oulu, Finland, 15/06/15.

Dynamic equipment workspace generation for improving earthwork safety using equipment pose and state data. / Vahdatikhaki, Faridaddin; Hammad, Amin.

32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining: Connected to the Future, Proceedings. International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Vahdatikhaki F, Hammad A. Dynamic equipment workspace generation for improving earthwork safety using equipment pose and state data. In 32nd International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining: Connected to the Future, Proceedings. International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction. 2015