Dynamic evaluation of thermal comfort scenarios in a Colombian large-scale social housing project

Alvaro Garay, Angie Ruiz, Jose Guevara*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aims to analyze the technical, environmental, economic and thermal comfort impacts of implementing passive measures and heating systems in Ciudad Verde, a large-scale social housing project located at the periphery of Bogota, Colombia.

Design/methodology/approach: A system dynamics (SD) model is proposed to evaluate scenarios through counterfactual experiments, including technical, environmental and economic components. Model inputs are obtained from building energy simulation models and data collected from official reports, public policy documents and construction records.

Findings: Results suggest that the use of heating systems is the best choice to achieve thermal comfort conditions throughout the day. However, both the capital expenditures and CO2 emissions associated with such system make their adoption very difficult. In line with that, the use of heating systems in combination with passive measures stands out as a viable solution since their costs are affordable and their use contributes to reducing CO2 emissions.

Originality/value: The proposed model recreates the dynamics underlying social housing construction processes, the adoption of heating systems and passive measures in low-income dwellings and their corresponding impact on CO2 emissions and indoor thermal comfort conditions. The model can be employed as a support tool in the formulation of social housing policies associated with thermal comfort specifications. In this way, the model represents a first step toward incorporating thermal-related variables into the decision-making processes related to social housing planning and development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1909-1930
Number of pages22
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • CO emissions
  • Social housing
  • Sustainability
  • System dynamics
  • Thermal comfort
  • n/a OA procedure


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