Early stage cost-effectiveness analysis of a BRCA1-like test to detect triple negative breast cancers responsive to high dose alkylating chemotherapy

Anna Miquel Cases, Lotte M.G. Steuten, Valesca P. Retèl, Wim H. van Harten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Triple negative breast cancers (TNBC) with a BRCA1-like profile may benefit from high dose alkylating chemotherapy (HDAC). This study examines whether BRCA1-like testing to target effective HDAC in TNBC patients can be more cost-effective than treating all patients with standard chemotherapy. Additionally, we estimated the minimum required prevalence of BRCA1-like and the required positive predictive value (PPV) for a BRCA1-like test to become cost-effective.

Methods: Our Markov model compared 1) the incremental costs; 2) the incremental number of respondents; 3) the incremental number of Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs); and 4) the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of treating TNBC women with personalized HDAC based on BRCA1-like testing vs. standard chemotherapy, from a Dutch societal perspective and a 20-year time horizon, using probabilistic sensitivity analysis. Furthermore, we performed one-way sensitivity analysis (SA) to all model parameters, and two-way SA to prevalence and PPV. Data were obtained from a current trial (NCT01057069), published literature and expert opinions.

Results: BRCA1-like testing to target effective HDAC would presently not be cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay threshold of €80.000/QALY (€81.981/QALY). SAs show that PPV drives the ICER changes. Lower bounds for the prevalence and the PPV were found to be 58.5% and 73.0% respectively.

Conclusion: BRCA1-like testing to target effective HDAC treatment in TNBC patients is currently not cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay of €80.000/QALY, but it can be when a minimum PPV of 73% is obtained in clinical practice. This information can help test developers and clinicians in decisions on further research and development of BRCA1-like tests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-405
JournalBreast
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • METIS-311881
  • IR-97315

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