Early versus late ST-segment resolution and clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction

H.B. van der Zwaan, M.G. Stoel, J.W. Roos-Hesselink, G. Veen, E. Boersma, C. von Birgelen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Absence of complete ST-segment resolution (STR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a determinant of mortality. Traditionally, STR is determined on the coronary care unit (CCU) 60 to 90 minutes after the initiation of reperfusion therapy. We studied the prognostic value of STR immediately after PCI.

Methods: We analysed 223 consecutive patients with STEMI and successful PCI. Continuous ECG data were collected during PCI and at 30 minutes after arrival on the CCU (mean time 81±17 minutes after reflow of the culprit artery). Patients were divided into three groups: patients with complete STR immediately after PCI (‘early’), patients with complete and persistent STR at 30 minutes on the CCU, but not immediately after PCI (‘late’) and patients without STR. One-year follow-up was obtained for death and rehospitalisation for major adverse cardiac events. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate the association between STR and outcome.

Results: Early STR occurred in 115 (52%) and late STR in 43 (19%) patients. Patients with early or late STR had a lower incidence of one-year cardiac death than those without STR (1.9 vs. 9.2%; p=0.02). In contrast, rehospitalisation occurred more frequently in patients with early or late STR (20.3 vs. 6.2%; p=0.009). As compared with patients without STR, early and late STR had a similar prognostic value (hazard ratios [95% confidence interval] for cardiac death 0.40 [0.08-2.03] and 0.25 [0.03-2.08]).

Conclusions: We found no (major) change in prognostic value of STR during the 0 to 90 minutes time window after PCI. (Neth Heart J 2010;18:416–22.)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-422
Number of pages7
JournalNetherlands heart journal
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • ST-segment resolution
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
  • Acute myocardial infarction

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