Echogenicity of puborectalis muscle, cervix and vastus lateralis muscle in pregnancy in relation to mode of delivery

M. K. Van de Waarsenburg, M.I.J. Withagen, F. van den Noort, J. H. Schagen van Leeuwen, C. H. van der Vaart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To confirm our previous observation that levator hiatal dimensions and mean echogenicity of the puborectalis muscle (MEP) are significantly different at 12 weeks' gestation in women who delivered by Cesarean section due to failure to progress compared with those who delivered vaginally. The secondary objective was to assess the association between the echogenicity of the cervix and vastus lateralis muscle and mode of delivery. Methods: In this prospective multicenter study, 306 nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy underwent ultrasound assessments of the pelvic floor at rest, on maximum pelvic floor muscle contraction and on maximum Valsalva maneuver, of the cervix and of the vastus lateralis muscle at 12 weeks' gestation. Dimensions of the levator hiatus, MEP and mean echogenicity of the cervix and vastus lateralis muscle were measured and compared according to mode of delivery. Results: Two hundred and forty-nine women were included in the analyses. We were unable to confirm our previous finding that MEP and levator hiatal transverse diameter and area at 12 weeks' gestation are associated significantly with mode of delivery. In addition, we could not demonstrate a significant association between echogenicity of the cervix or vastus lateralis muscle and mode of delivery. Overall, MEP was a mean of 20 points lower in women in the new database as compared with the previous study, despite the use of the same ultrasound equipment. Conclusion: In a second, independent multicenter dataset, we were unable to confirm our previous finding that levator hiatal dimensions and MEP on pelvic floor muscle contraction are associated significantly with mode of delivery. We also found no association between echogenicity of the cervix or vastus lateralis and mode of delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-123
Number of pages5
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Quadriceps Muscle
Cervix Uteri
Pregnancy
Muscles
Pelvic Floor
Muscle Contraction
Valsalva Maneuver
Cesarean Section
Multicenter Studies
Databases
Prospective Studies
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • 3D/4D
  • area
  • cervix
  • delivery
  • echogenicity
  • puborectalis
  • transperineal ultrasound
  • vastus lateralis

Cite this

Van de Waarsenburg, M. K. ; Withagen, M.I.J. ; van den Noort, F. ; Schagen van Leeuwen, J. H. ; van der Vaart, C. H. / Echogenicity of puborectalis muscle, cervix and vastus lateralis muscle in pregnancy in relation to mode of delivery. In: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2019 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 119-123.
@article{5a3dce6b284241d3ac09965f74896db1,
title = "Echogenicity of puborectalis muscle, cervix and vastus lateralis muscle in pregnancy in relation to mode of delivery",
abstract = "Objectives: To confirm our previous observation that levator hiatal dimensions and mean echogenicity of the puborectalis muscle (MEP) are significantly different at 12 weeks' gestation in women who delivered by Cesarean section due to failure to progress compared with those who delivered vaginally. The secondary objective was to assess the association between the echogenicity of the cervix and vastus lateralis muscle and mode of delivery. Methods: In this prospective multicenter study, 306 nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy underwent ultrasound assessments of the pelvic floor at rest, on maximum pelvic floor muscle contraction and on maximum Valsalva maneuver, of the cervix and of the vastus lateralis muscle at 12 weeks' gestation. Dimensions of the levator hiatus, MEP and mean echogenicity of the cervix and vastus lateralis muscle were measured and compared according to mode of delivery. Results: Two hundred and forty-nine women were included in the analyses. We were unable to confirm our previous finding that MEP and levator hiatal transverse diameter and area at 12 weeks' gestation are associated significantly with mode of delivery. In addition, we could not demonstrate a significant association between echogenicity of the cervix or vastus lateralis muscle and mode of delivery. Overall, MEP was a mean of 20 points lower in women in the new database as compared with the previous study, despite the use of the same ultrasound equipment. Conclusion: In a second, independent multicenter dataset, we were unable to confirm our previous finding that levator hiatal dimensions and MEP on pelvic floor muscle contraction are associated significantly with mode of delivery. We also found no association between echogenicity of the cervix or vastus lateralis and mode of delivery.",
keywords = "3D/4D, area, cervix, delivery, echogenicity, puborectalis, transperineal ultrasound, vastus lateralis",
author = "{Van de Waarsenburg}, {M. K.} and M.I.J. Withagen and {van den Noort}, F. and {Schagen van Leeuwen}, {J. H.} and {van der Vaart}, {C. H.}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/uog.20178",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "119--123",
journal = "Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology",
issn = "0960-7692",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

}

Echogenicity of puborectalis muscle, cervix and vastus lateralis muscle in pregnancy in relation to mode of delivery. / Van de Waarsenburg, M. K.; Withagen, M.I.J.; van den Noort, F.; Schagen van Leeuwen, J. H.; van der Vaart, C. H.

In: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.07.2019, p. 119-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Echogenicity of puborectalis muscle, cervix and vastus lateralis muscle in pregnancy in relation to mode of delivery

AU - Van de Waarsenburg, M. K.

AU - Withagen, M.I.J.

AU - van den Noort, F.

AU - Schagen van Leeuwen, J. H.

AU - van der Vaart, C. H.

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Objectives: To confirm our previous observation that levator hiatal dimensions and mean echogenicity of the puborectalis muscle (MEP) are significantly different at 12 weeks' gestation in women who delivered by Cesarean section due to failure to progress compared with those who delivered vaginally. The secondary objective was to assess the association between the echogenicity of the cervix and vastus lateralis muscle and mode of delivery. Methods: In this prospective multicenter study, 306 nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy underwent ultrasound assessments of the pelvic floor at rest, on maximum pelvic floor muscle contraction and on maximum Valsalva maneuver, of the cervix and of the vastus lateralis muscle at 12 weeks' gestation. Dimensions of the levator hiatus, MEP and mean echogenicity of the cervix and vastus lateralis muscle were measured and compared according to mode of delivery. Results: Two hundred and forty-nine women were included in the analyses. We were unable to confirm our previous finding that MEP and levator hiatal transverse diameter and area at 12 weeks' gestation are associated significantly with mode of delivery. In addition, we could not demonstrate a significant association between echogenicity of the cervix or vastus lateralis muscle and mode of delivery. Overall, MEP was a mean of 20 points lower in women in the new database as compared with the previous study, despite the use of the same ultrasound equipment. Conclusion: In a second, independent multicenter dataset, we were unable to confirm our previous finding that levator hiatal dimensions and MEP on pelvic floor muscle contraction are associated significantly with mode of delivery. We also found no association between echogenicity of the cervix or vastus lateralis and mode of delivery.

AB - Objectives: To confirm our previous observation that levator hiatal dimensions and mean echogenicity of the puborectalis muscle (MEP) are significantly different at 12 weeks' gestation in women who delivered by Cesarean section due to failure to progress compared with those who delivered vaginally. The secondary objective was to assess the association between the echogenicity of the cervix and vastus lateralis muscle and mode of delivery. Methods: In this prospective multicenter study, 306 nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy underwent ultrasound assessments of the pelvic floor at rest, on maximum pelvic floor muscle contraction and on maximum Valsalva maneuver, of the cervix and of the vastus lateralis muscle at 12 weeks' gestation. Dimensions of the levator hiatus, MEP and mean echogenicity of the cervix and vastus lateralis muscle were measured and compared according to mode of delivery. Results: Two hundred and forty-nine women were included in the analyses. We were unable to confirm our previous finding that MEP and levator hiatal transverse diameter and area at 12 weeks' gestation are associated significantly with mode of delivery. In addition, we could not demonstrate a significant association between echogenicity of the cervix or vastus lateralis muscle and mode of delivery. Overall, MEP was a mean of 20 points lower in women in the new database as compared with the previous study, despite the use of the same ultrasound equipment. Conclusion: In a second, independent multicenter dataset, we were unable to confirm our previous finding that levator hiatal dimensions and MEP on pelvic floor muscle contraction are associated significantly with mode of delivery. We also found no association between echogenicity of the cervix or vastus lateralis and mode of delivery.

KW - 3D/4D

KW - area

KW - cervix

KW - delivery

KW - echogenicity

KW - puborectalis

KW - transperineal ultrasound

KW - vastus lateralis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069477965&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/uog.20178

DO - 10.1002/uog.20178

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 119

EP - 123

JO - Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology

JF - Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology

SN - 0960-7692

IS - 1

ER -