Ecology of West Nile virus across four European countries: review of weather profiles, vector population dynamics and vector control response

A. Chaskopoulos, G. L'Ambert, D. Petric, R. Bellini, M. Zgomba, T.A. Groen, L. Marrama, D.J. Bicout

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19 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

West Nile virus (WNV) represents a serious burden to human and animal health because of its capacity to cause unforeseen and large epidemics. Until 2004, only lineage 1 and 3 WNV strains had been found in Europe. Lineage 2 strains were initially isolated in 2004 (Hungary) and in 2008 (Austria) and for the first time caused a major WNV epidemic in 2010 in Greece with 262 clinical human cases and 35 fatalities. Since then, WNV lineage 2 outbreaks have been reported in several European countries including Italy, Serbia and Greece. Understanding the interaction of ecological factors that affect WNV transmission is crucial for preventing or decreasing the impact of future epidemics. The synchronous co-occurrence of competent mosquito vectors, virus, bird reservoir hosts, and susceptible humans is necessary for the initiation and propagation of an epidemic. Weather is the key abiotic factor influencing the life-cycles of the mosquito vector, the virus, the reservoir hosts and the interactions between them. The purpose of this paper is to review and compare mosquito population dynamics, and weather conditions, in three ecologically different contexts (urban/semi-urban, rural/agricultural, natural) across four European countries (Italy, France, Serbia, Greece) with a history of WNV outbreaks. Local control strategies will be described as well. Improving our understanding of WNV ecology is a prerequisite step for appraising and optimizing vector control strategies in Europe with the ultimate goal to minimize the probability of WNV infection.
Original languageEnglish
Article number482
Number of pages9
JournalParasites & vectors
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

West Nile virus
Weather
Population Dynamics
Ecology
Greece
Serbia
Italy
Disease Outbreaks
Viruses
Hungary
Austria
Virus Diseases
Life Cycle Stages
Culicidae
France
Birds
Health

Keywords

  • METIS-317694
  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE
  • ITC-GOLD

Cite this

Chaskopoulos, A. ; L'Ambert, G. ; Petric, D. ; Bellini, R. ; Zgomba, M. ; Groen, T.A. ; Marrama, L. ; Bicout, D.J. / Ecology of West Nile virus across four European countries : review of weather profiles, vector population dynamics and vector control response. In: Parasites & vectors. 2016 ; Vol. 9.
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Ecology of West Nile virus across four European countries : review of weather profiles, vector population dynamics and vector control response. / Chaskopoulos, A.; L'Ambert, G.; Petric, D.; Bellini, R.; Zgomba, M.; Groen, T.A.; Marrama, L.; Bicout, D.J.

In: Parasites & vectors, Vol. 9, 482, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ecology of West Nile virus across four European countries

T2 - review of weather profiles, vector population dynamics and vector control response

AU - Chaskopoulos, A.

AU - L'Ambert, G.

AU - Petric, D.

AU - Bellini, R.

AU - Zgomba, M.

AU - Groen, T.A.

AU - Marrama, L.

AU - Bicout, D.J.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - West Nile virus (WNV) represents a serious burden to human and animal health because of its capacity to cause unforeseen and large epidemics. Until 2004, only lineage 1 and 3 WNV strains had been found in Europe. Lineage 2 strains were initially isolated in 2004 (Hungary) and in 2008 (Austria) and for the first time caused a major WNV epidemic in 2010 in Greece with 262 clinical human cases and 35 fatalities. Since then, WNV lineage 2 outbreaks have been reported in several European countries including Italy, Serbia and Greece. Understanding the interaction of ecological factors that affect WNV transmission is crucial for preventing or decreasing the impact of future epidemics. The synchronous co-occurrence of competent mosquito vectors, virus, bird reservoir hosts, and susceptible humans is necessary for the initiation and propagation of an epidemic. Weather is the key abiotic factor influencing the life-cycles of the mosquito vector, the virus, the reservoir hosts and the interactions between them. The purpose of this paper is to review and compare mosquito population dynamics, and weather conditions, in three ecologically different contexts (urban/semi-urban, rural/agricultural, natural) across four European countries (Italy, France, Serbia, Greece) with a history of WNV outbreaks. Local control strategies will be described as well. Improving our understanding of WNV ecology is a prerequisite step for appraising and optimizing vector control strategies in Europe with the ultimate goal to minimize the probability of WNV infection.

AB - West Nile virus (WNV) represents a serious burden to human and animal health because of its capacity to cause unforeseen and large epidemics. Until 2004, only lineage 1 and 3 WNV strains had been found in Europe. Lineage 2 strains were initially isolated in 2004 (Hungary) and in 2008 (Austria) and for the first time caused a major WNV epidemic in 2010 in Greece with 262 clinical human cases and 35 fatalities. Since then, WNV lineage 2 outbreaks have been reported in several European countries including Italy, Serbia and Greece. Understanding the interaction of ecological factors that affect WNV transmission is crucial for preventing or decreasing the impact of future epidemics. The synchronous co-occurrence of competent mosquito vectors, virus, bird reservoir hosts, and susceptible humans is necessary for the initiation and propagation of an epidemic. Weather is the key abiotic factor influencing the life-cycles of the mosquito vector, the virus, the reservoir hosts and the interactions between them. The purpose of this paper is to review and compare mosquito population dynamics, and weather conditions, in three ecologically different contexts (urban/semi-urban, rural/agricultural, natural) across four European countries (Italy, France, Serbia, Greece) with a history of WNV outbreaks. Local control strategies will be described as well. Improving our understanding of WNV ecology is a prerequisite step for appraising and optimizing vector control strategies in Europe with the ultimate goal to minimize the probability of WNV infection.

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KW - ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE

KW - ITC-GOLD

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JO - Parasites & vectors

JF - Parasites & vectors

SN - 1756-3305

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ER -