EEG functional connectivity contributes to outcome prediction of postanoxic coma

Martín Carrasco-Gómez*, Hanneke M. Keijzer, Barry J. Ruijter, Ricardo Bruña, Marleen C. Tjepkema-Cloostermans, Jeannette Hofmeijer, Michel J.A.M. van Putten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the additional value of EEG functional connectivity features, in addition to non-coupling EEG features, for outcome prediction of comatose patients after cardiac arrest. Methods: Prospective, multicenter cohort study. Coherence, phase locking value, and mutual information were calculated in 19-channel EEGs at 12 h, 24 h and 48 h after cardiac arrest. Three sets of machine learning classification models were trained and validated with functional connectivity, EEG non-coupling features, and a combination of these. Neurological outcome was assessed at six months and categorized as “good” (Cerebral Performance Category [CPC] 1–2) or “poor” (CPC 3–5). Results: We included 594 patients (46% good outcome). A sensitivity of 51% (95% CI: 34–56%) at 100% specificity in predicting poor outcome was achieved by the best functional connectivity-based classifier at 12 h after cardiac arrest, while the best non-coupling-based model reached a sensitivity of 32% (0–54%) at 100% specificity using data at 12 h and 48 h. Combination of both sets of features achieved a sensitivity of 73% (50–77%) at 100% specificity. Conclusion: Functional connectivity measures improve EEG based prediction models for poor outcome of postanoxic coma. Significance: Functional connectivity features derived from early EEG hold potential to improve outcome prediction of coma after cardiac arrest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1312-1320
Number of pages9
JournalClinical neurophysiology
Volume132
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • EEG functional connectivity
  • Intensive care
  • Machine learning
  • Outcome prediction
  • Postanoxic coma

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