Effect of a patient-specific minimum activity in stress myocardial perfusion imaging using CZT-SPECT: Prognostic value, radiation dose, and scan outcome

J. D. van Dijk*, N. M. Borren, M. Mouden, J. A. van Dalen, J. P. Ottervanger, P. L. Jager

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: SPECT Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is associated with a relatively high radiation burden and decreasing image quality in heavy patients. Patient-specific low-activity protocols (PLAPs) are suggested but follow-up data is lacking. Our aim was to compare the use of a standard fixed-activity protocol (FAP) with a PLAP in cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-SPECT MPI. Methods: We retrospectively included 1255 consecutive patients who underwent CZT-SPECT stress-optional rest MPI. 668 Patients were scanned using FAP (370 MBq) and 587 patients using PLAP (2.25 MBq·kg−1). Percentage of scans interpreted as normal, radiation dose, and 1-year follow-up including hard event rates (all-cause death or non-fatal myocardial infarction) were collected and compared. Results: The percentage of scans interpreted as normal was 67% in FAP and 70% in PLAP groups (P = .29). The annualized hard event rates in these patients were 1.0% in the FAP and 0.9% in the PLAP group (P = .86). However, the mean radiation dose decreased by 23% for stress-only and by 15% to 2.6 mSv for stress-optional rest MPI after introduction of the PLAP (p<0.001). Conclusions: Introduction of a patient-specific low-activity protocol does not affect the percentage of scans interpreted as normal or prognosis but significantly lowers the radiation dose for CZT-SPECT MPI.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)26-35
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of nuclear cardiology
    Volume25
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

    Keywords

    • UT-Hybrid-D
    • High-efficiency camera
    • myocardial perfusion imaging: SPECT
    • Radiation dose reduction
    • stress-only
    • CdZnTe

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