Effect of additives on densification and deformation of tetragonal zirconia

M.M.R. Boutz, A.J.A. Winnubst*, F. Hartgers, A.J. Burggraaf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
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The effect of additives (Bi2O3, Fe2O3) on densification and creep rates of tetragonal ZrO2-Y2O3 has been investigated. In Bi2O3-doped Y-TZP, a reactive liquid forms at temperatures above 800–900‡C, which leads to a strong enhancement of densification for concentrations of 1–2 mol % Bi2O3. However, during cooling from the processing temperature a strong, undesirable transformation of the tetragonal to the monoclinic phase occurs. The addition of 0.6–1.2 mol % FeO3/2 promotes densification without destabilizing the tetragonal phase. A concentration of 1.2 mol %, however, induces discontinuous grain growth, while this is not the case for 0.6 mol %. Creep rates of Y-TZP were enhanced by a factor of 4–6 by adding 0.6 mol % FeO3/2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5374-5382
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of materials science
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 1994


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