Effect of magnetic field on natural convection in a triangular enclosure filled with nanofluid

Amir Houshang Mahmoudi, Ioan Pop*, Mina Shahi

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    107 Citations (Scopus)


    A numerical analysis of natural convection has been performed for a two-dimensional triangular enclosure with partially heated from below and cold inclined wall filled with nanofluid in presence of magnetic field. Governing equations are solved by finite volume method. Flow pattern, isotherms and average Nusselt number are presented for 0 < Ha<100, 10 4 < Ra<10 7,0<φ < 0.05 and six cases that are made by location of heat sources. The results show in presence of magnetic field flow field is suppressed and heat transfer decreases. Furthermore it is observed that maximum reduction of average Nusselt number in high value of Ha occurs at Ra = 10 6. It is found the nanoparticles are more effective at Ra = 10 4 where conduction is more pronounced.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)126-140
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational journal of thermal sciences
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012



    • MHD
    • Nanofluid
    • Natural convection
    • Numerical study
    • Triangular enclosure

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