Effect of Providing Ankle-Foot Orthoses in Patients with Acute and Subacute Stroke: a Randomized Controlled Trial: A randomized controlled trial

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    Despite frequent application of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs), little scientific evidence is available to guide AFO-provision early after stroke. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to study the effects of AFO-provision in (sub-) acute stroke patients. Primary aim: to study effects of the actual provision of AFOs on functional outcomes. Secondary aim: to study whether the point in time at which an AFO is provided (early (week 1) or delayed (week 9)), influences these effects. Thirty-three subjects were included and walking speed, balance (Berg Balance Scale, BBS) and independence of walking (Functional Ambulation Categories, FAC) were measured. Positive effects of AFO-provision were found two weeks after provision, both when provided early (significant effects on all outcome measures) or late (BBS p = 0.011, FAC p = 0.008). Comparing the early and delayed group showed that early provision resulted in extra improvements on BBS (+5.1 points, p = 0.002) compared to late provision.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationConverging Clinical and Engineering Research on Neurorehabilitation II
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on NeuroRehabilitation (ICNR2016), October 18-21, 2016, Segovia, Spain
    EditorsJaime Ibánez, José María Azorín, Metin Akay, José Luis Pons
    Place of PublicationCham, Switserland
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-46669-9
    ISBN (Print)978-3-319-46668-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Event3rd International Conference on NeuroRehabilitation (ICNR2016): Converging Clinical and Engineering Research on Neurorehabilitation II - Centro de Congresos y Convenciones Guardia de Corps, Segovia, Spain
    Duration: 18 Oct 201621 Oct 2016
    Conference number: 3

    Publication series

    NameBiosystems & Biorobotics
    ISSN (Print)2195-3562
    ISSN (Electronic)2195-3570


    Conference3rd International Conference on NeuroRehabilitation (ICNR2016)
    Abbreviated titleICNR2016
    Internet address


    • METIS-319172

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