A cost-effective tubular macroporous ceramic support consisting of alumina and titania was prepared by extrusion and subsequent heat treatment. An Al2O3/TiO2 composite support with high porosity (41.4%), an average pore size of 6.8 μm and sufficient mechanical strength (32.7 MPa) was obtained after sintering at 1400 °C. The formation mechanism of this support as investigated with X-ray micromapping, SEM and XRD indicated that the appearance of Al2TiO5 plays a key role in the fabrication of high performance composite membrane supports at relatively low temperature. The amount of Al2TiO5 present in the composite has a strong impact on the properties of supports, especially with regard to the mechanical strength. A composite of 85 wt.% Al2O3/15 wt.% TiO2 sintered at 1400 °C for 2 h exhibited both high permeability (pure water flux of 45 m3 m−2 h−1 bar−1), together with an excellent corrosive resistance towards hot NaOH and HNO3 solutions.
|Journal||Journal of the European Ceramic Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|
- Ceramic membranes
- Macroporous support