The effect of Zr doping in SrCo0.8Fe0.2O 3 - δ (SCF) membranes was investigated. The lattice parameter of SCF increased with the Zr content until 4 at.%, and then leveled off with further increase in the Zr content, revealing that the Zr solubility limit lies at ∼ 4%. The Zr doping resulted in an increase in oxygen stoichiometry (3 - δ) of SCF membranes especially at low oxygen partial pressure. The brownmillerite to perovskite phase transition was investigated by dilatometry in nitrogen (pO2 = 2 × 10- 3 atm). The phase transition temperature was lowered by Zr doping: 770 °C for undoped SCF and 710 °C for SCF doped with 4 at.% of Zr. The change in volume associated to the phase transition also became less pronounced for the Zr-doped samples. Compared to the undoped membrane, the Zr-doped SCF exhibited a somewhat lower oxygen permeability, but it remained well-permeable to oxygen at lower operation temperatures due to the stabilization of the perovskite structure.
- Phase transformation