Effects of a priori liking on the elicitation of mimicry

Mariëlle Stel*, Rick B. Van Baaren, Jim Blascovich, Eric Van Dijk, Cade McCall, Monique M.H. Pollmann, Matthijs L. Van Leeuwen, Jessanne Mastop, Roos Vonk

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Mimicry and prosocial feelings are generally thought to be positively related. However, the conditions under which mimicry and liking are related largely remain unspecified. We adVance this specification by examining the relationship between mimicry and liking more thoroughly. In two experiments, we manipulated an individual's a priori liking for another and investigated whether it influenced mimicry of that person. Our experiments demonstrate that in the presence of a reason to like a target, automatic mimicry is increased. However, mimicry did not decrease when disliking a target. These studies provide further evidence of a link between mimicry and liking and extend previous research by showing that a certain level of mimicry even occurs when mimicry behavior is inconsistent with one's goals or motivations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)412-418
    Number of pages7
    JournalExperimental psychology
    Volume57
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2010

    Keywords

    • Imitation
    • Liking
    • Mimicry
    • Nonverbal behavior
    • Prosocial feelings

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