Effects of a Theory-based Audio HIV/AIDS Intervention for Litterate Rural Females in Amhara, Ethiopia

Gebeyehu W. Bogale, Henk Boer, Erwin R. Seydel

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    In Ethiopia the level of illiteracy in rural areas is very high. In this study, we investigated the effects of an audio HIV/AIDS prevention intervention targeted at rural illiterate females. In the intervention we used social-oriented presentation formats, such as discussion between similar females and role-play. In a pretest and posttest experimental study with an intervention group (n = 210) and control group (n = 210), we investigated the effects on HIV/AIDS knowledge and social cognitions. The intervention led to significant and relevant increases in HIV/AIDS knowledge, self-efficacy, perceived vulnerability to HIV/AIDS infection, response efficacy of condoms and condom use intention. In the intervention group, self-efficacy at posttest was the main determinant of condom use intention, with also a significant contribution of vulnerability. We conclude that audio HIV/AIDS prevention interventions can play an important role in empowering rural illiterate females in the prevention of HIV/AIDS.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)26-38
    JournalAIDS education and prevention
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    • METIS-282221

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