Effects of planning on task load, knowledge, and tool preference: A comparison of two tools

Wilco J. Bonestroo, Ton de Jong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Self-regulated learners are expected to plan their own learning. Because planning is a complex task, it is not self-evident that all learners can perform this task successfully. In this study, we examined the effects of two planning support tools on the quality of created plans, planning behavior, task load, and acquired knowledge. Sixty-five participants each worked with two versions of a planning tool. In one version, learning plans were actively constructed by the learners themselves; the other version provided learners with an adaptable computer-generated plan. The results indicated that the quality of learner-created plans was lower than computer-generated plans. Furthermore, participants reported a higher task load when they constructed the plans by themselves. However, participants gained more structural knowledge about the learning domain when they actively created plans. There was not an apparent preference for one of the tools if participants were to create a plan for someone else. However, if they were to use the plan for their own learning, participants preferred to actively create their own plans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-153
JournalInteractive learning environments
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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