We investigated whether the post-expansion redifferentiation and cartilage tissue formation capacity of adult human nasal chondrocytes can be regulated by controlled modifications of scaffold composition and architecture. As a model system, we used poly(ethylene glycol)-terephthalate–poly(butylene)-terephthalate block copolymer scaffolds from two compositions (low or high PEG content, resulting in different wettability) and two architectures (generated by compression molding or three-dimensional (3D) fiber deposition) with similar porosity and mechanical properties, but different interconnecting pore architectures. Scaffolds were seeded with expanded human chondrocytes and the resulting constructs assessed immunohistochemically, biochemically and at the mRNA expression level following up to 4 weeks of static culture. For a given 3D architecture, the more hydrophilic scaffold enhanced cell redifferentiation and cartilaginous tissue formation after 4 weeks culture, as assessed by higher mRNA expression of collagen type II, increased deposition of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and predominance of type II over type I collagen immunostain. The fiber-deposited scaffolds, with a more accessible pore volume and larger interconnecting pores, supported increased GAG deposition, but only if a more hydrophilic composition was used. By applying controlled and selective modifications of chemico-physical scaffold parameters, we demonstrate that both scaffold composition and architecture are instructive for expanded human chondrocytes in the generation of 3D cartilaginous tissues. The observed effects of composition and architecture were likely to have been mediated, respectively, by differential serum protein adsorption and efficiency of nutrient/waste exchange.
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
- Cartilage tissue engineering
- Nasal chondrocytes
- Extra-cellular matrix