Effects of Velocity and Limb Loading on the Coordination Between Limb Movements During Walking

S.F. Donker, Andreas Daffertshofer, Peter J. Beek

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24 Citations (Scopus)


The authors investigated the effects of velocity (increasing from 0.5 to 5.0 km/hr in steps of 0.5 km/hr) and limb loading on the coordination between arm and leg movements during treadmill walking in 7 participants. Both the consistency of the individual limb movements and the stability of their coordination increased with increasing velocity; the frequency coordination between arm and leg movements was 2:1 at the lower velocities and 1:1 at the higher velocities. The mass manipulation affected the individual limb movements but not their coordination, indicating that a stable walking pattern was preserved. The results differed qualitatively from those obtained in studies on bimanual interlimb coordination, implying that the dynamical principles identified therein are not readily applicable to locomotion.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)217-230
JournalJournal of motor behavior
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2005


  • IR-58620
  • load
  • interlimb coordination
  • Walking
  • Stability
  • Asymmetry

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