Efficiency of endoneural stimulation with 5- to 24-fold multielectrodes

W.L.C. Rutten, J.P.A. Smit

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

Abstract

Optimal selective stimulation of nerve with endoneurally (intrafascicularly) inserted multi-microelectrodes means that each electrode activates, with its own threshold stimulation current, as few distinct motoneurons as possible, preferably only one, If the latter is the case, the efficiency of a multi-electrode is 100%. However, neighbouring electrodes may control the same motor fiber(s), as there are generally more fibers than electrodes and because the position of fibers is largely unknown. In that case, efficiency is less than 100%. This paper reports on experiments in rat peroneal nerve with 5- and 24-fold wire multi-microelectrode arrays, The threshold force of the twitch recruitment curve of the corresponding EDL muscle was used to monitor nerve activation, It was found that on average the threshold force efficiency was 0.48=48%, After re-inspection of the data, taking into account that neighbouring electrodes have a higher probability to activate the same motor units, in contrast to distant electrodes, the average efficiency even rises to 81%. For several reasons, threshold forces do not correspond to motor unit forces, implying that the threshold-force-efficiency can not be regarded as motor-unit-efficiency
Original languageUndefined
Pages2560-2563
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes
Event20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 1998 - Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Duration: 29 Oct 19981 Nov 1998
Conference number: 20

Conference

Conference20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 1998
Abbreviated titleEMBC
CountryHong Kong
CityHong Kong
Period29/10/981/11/98

Keywords

  • IR-55992

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