Efficient Expression Neutrality Estimation with Application to Face Recognition Utility Prediction

Marcel Grimmer, Raymond N.J. Veldhuis, Christoph Busch

Research output: Working paperPreprintAcademic

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The recognition performance of biometric systems strongly depends on the quality of the compared biometric samples. Motivated by the goal of establishing a common understanding of face image quality and enabling system interoperability, the committee draft of ISO/IEC 29794-5 introduces expression neutrality as one of many component quality elements affecting recognition performance. In this study, we train classifiers to assess facial expression neutrality using seven datasets. We conduct extensive performance benchmarking to evaluate their classification and face recognition utility prediction abilities. Our experiments reveal significant differences in how each classifier distinguishes "neutral" from "non-neutral" expressions. While Random Forests and AdaBoost classifiers are most suitable for distinguishing neutral from non-neutral facial expressions with high accuracy, they underperform compared to Support Vector Machines in predicting face recognition utility.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2024


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