Elasticity at large deformations and high strain rates in injection molded polypropylene

P.T.S. Dijkstra, R.J. Gaymans, D.J. van Dijk, Han Huetink

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The deformation behavior of isotactic polypropylene (PP) as a function of strain rate was investigated at 50°C in uniaxial tension. Injection molded dogbone specimens were tested at high strain rates, E = lo-' - 1@ s-l, and the local deformation in the neck was studied using fast tensile videometry. A strong elastic recoil was observed after fracture in this strain rate range with local elastic strains as high as E, = 2.0 - 3.2. The recoil is very fast and takes place within 1 ms. 'fie elastic fraction of the strain at break was found to increase with the local strain rate. The elasticity further depends on strain and temperature. The elastic deformation behavior is part of the known transition from ductile cold drawing behavior to brittle fracture that occurs with strain rate or temperature. The elasticity in PP is thought to be due to a decrease in crystallinity, resulting in a discontinuous crysldline structure comparable to that of thermoplastic elastomers.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)1613-1623
JournalPolymer engineering and science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • IR-58284
  • METIS-215325

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