Electoral participation in the Netherlands: Individual and contextual influences

Marcel van Egmond, Nan Dirk de Graaf, Cees van der Eijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

23 Citations (Scopus)


AbstractResearch into electoral participation has produced two traditions, one focusing mainly on individual level explanations while the second concentrates primarily on aggregate level explanations. By bringing these two research approaches together, we are not only able to explain individual electoral participation more thoroughly, but we also gain additional insight into the influence of aggregate level characteristics on individual behavior. We combine eight National Election Studies held in the Netherlands between 1971 and 1994 enabling us to study variation on the individual and the contextual (aggregate) level, including interactions between these two levels. Findings show that the addition of contextual characteristics form a significant improvement to an individual level model predicting electoral participation. Findings also confirm our expectation that the influence of individual characteristics such as education or political interest is dependent upon contextual characteristics describing for instance the salience of the election.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)281-300
JournalEuropean journal of political research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • IR-60852

Cite this