Electric Field- and Strain-Induced Rashba Effect in Hybrid Halide Perovskites

Linn Leppert, Sebastian E. Reyes-Lillo, Jeffrey B. Neaton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Using first-principles density functional theory calculations, we show how Rashba-type energy band splitting in the hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites APbX3 (A = CH3NH3+, CH(NH2)2+, Cs+, and X = I, Br) can be tuned and enhanced with electric fields and anisotropic strain. In particular, we demonstrate that the magnitude of the Rashba splitting of tetragonal (CH3NH3)PbI3 grows with increasing macroscopic alignment of the organic cations and electric polarization, indicating appreciable tunability with experimentally feasible applied fields, even at room temperature. Further, we quantify the degree to which this effect can be tuned via chemical substitution at the A and X sites, which alters amplitudes of different polar distortion patterns of the inorganic PbX3 cage that directly impact Rashba splitting. In addition, we predict that polar phases of CsPbI3 and (CH3NH3)PbI3 with R3c symmetry possessing considerable Rashba splitting might be accessible at room temperature via anisotropic strain induced by epitaxy, even in the absence of electric fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3683-3689
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of physical chemistry letters
Volume7
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

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