Electrical and structural characterization of PLD grown CeO2-HfO2 laminated high-k gate dielectrics

K. Karakaya, B. Barcones Campo, Z.M. Rittersma, J.G.M. van Berkum, M.A. Verheijen, Augustinus J.H.M. Rijnders, David H.A. Blank

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Abstract

The electrical and physical properties of CeO2–HfO2 nanolaminates deposited by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) are investigated. The properties of the nanolaminates are compared with binary CeO2 and HfO2 thin films. Layers were deposited using CeO2 and HfO2 targets at substrate temperatures between 220 and 620 1C in 10 Pa Ar+H2 or O2. In situ post deposition anneal (PDA) was achieved by controlled cooling down to room temperature with pO2 ¼ 10 kPa. Nanolaminates starting with CeO2 show lower EOT and leakage compared to layers starting with HfO2. TEM and XRD analyses showed thickness-dependent crystallinity of the layers, varying from amorphous to highly oriented polycrystalline phase. C–V and I–V measurements were done on the capacitors. Lowest fixed-charge density Qf ¼ 4 1012 cm2 was found for the nanolaminates deposited at 520 1C. The k values of the nanolaminates extracted by the EOT-physical thickness plots were found to be 141, 48 and 22, for deposition temperatures 420, 520 and 620 1C, respectively. Higher k value for lower deposition temperatures is explained by the thickness dependent morphology of the layers. An EOT ¼ 0:95nm with Jg ¼ 1:1 102 A=cm2 was found for binary HfO2 layer with 4 nm physical thickness. Lowest leakage current density Jg ¼ 1:9 107 A=cm2 was for a 4nm laminate deposited at 420 1C and with a cooling rate of 2 1C/min during PDA
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)1061-1064
JournalMaterials science in semiconductor processing
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • METIS-239109
  • IR-59229

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