Electrical Discharge in a Cavitating Liquid under an Ultrasound Field

T. Karabassov, A. S. Vasenko, V. M. Bayazitov, A. A. Golubov*, I. S. Fedulov, A. V. Abramova

*Corresponding author for this work

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A theoretical model for an electrical discharge in a cavitating liquid is developed and compared with experiments for the optimization of the water treatment device. The calculations based on solution of the Noltingk─Neppiras equation support the hypothesis that the electric field promotes the formation of vapor microchannels inside a liquid gap between the electrodes, where at a low gas pressure Paschen’s conditions of rupture and abnormal glow discharge maintenance in those microchannels are fulfilled. Theoretical analysis of the cavitation processes and the discharge formation processes is in qualitative agreement with the experimental data obtained in this work in a water treatment device using a hydrodynamic emitter. The following graphic illustrates the experimental setup: (1) feeding tank, (2) hydrodynamic emitter, (3) zone of cavitation inside the plasma reactor, (4) high-frequency generator of electric impulses, and (5) outlet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10880-10885
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2023


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